Last updated on August 15, 2021

Photo Credit: INTERPOL

Cyber threats are constantly evolving in order to take advantage of online behaviour and trends. The COVID-19 outbreak is no exception.

Cybercriminals are attacking the computer networks and systems of individuals, businesses and even global organizations at a time when cyber defenses might be lowered due to the shift of focus to the health crisis.

Types of cyberattacks

Malicious domains

There is a considerable number of registered domains on the Internet that contain the terms: “coronavirus”, “corona-virus”, “covid19” and “covid-19”.

While some are legitimate, there are websites created by cybercriminals which form thousands of new sites every day to carry out spam campaigns, phishing or spreading malware.


Cybercriminals are taking advantage of the widespread global communications on the coronavirus to mask their activities. Malware, spyware. Moreover Trojans have been found embedded in interactive coronavirus maps and websites. Spam emails are also tricking users to click on links which download malware to their computers or mobile devices.


Hospitals, medical centers and public institutions are being targeted by cybercriminals for ransomware attacks – since they are overwhelmed with the health crisis and cannot afford to be locked out of their systems, criminals believe they are likely to pay the ransom.

Ransomware can enter their systems through emails containing infected links or attachments, compromised employee credentials, or by exploiting a vulnerability in the system.

Recommendations and prevention tips

With an increasing number of countries encouraging citizens to stay, learn or work from home, now is the moment to focus on cybersecurity, whether it’s for yourself or your workplace.

Keep your information safe

  • Back up all your important files, and store them independently from your system (e.g. in the cloud, on an external drive);
  • Always verify you are on a company’s legitimate website before entering login details or sensitive information.

Check your software and systems

  • Ensure you have the latest anti-virus software installed on your computer and mobile devices;
  • Secure to thwart threats via spam;
  • Strengthen your home network;
  • Secure system administrations vulnerabilities that attackers could abuse;
  • Disable third-party or outdated components that could be used as entry points;
  • Download mobile applications or any other software from trusted platforms only;
  • Perform regular health scans on your computers or mobile devices.

Be vigilant

  • Talk to your family −including children − about how to stay safe online ;
  • Regularly check and update the privacy settings on your social media accounts;
  • Update your passwords and ensure that they are strong (a mix of uppercase, lowercase, numbers and special characters);
  • Do not click on links or open attachments in emails which you were not expecting to receive, or come from an unknown sender.

As always, if you believe you are the victim of a crime, alert your local police.